"Our survival as a society - the legacy we will leave for our children - is at stake. But it will take more than words, and even more than institutional reforms. It will take a change of our mindset, the readiness to act as one human family, where every one of us feels responsible for the freedom and dignity of every member of that family - because at the end of the day, the security of the human family has become indivisible".
Mohamed ElBaradei, Egyptian diplomat, law scholar, former head of the International Atomic Energy Agency (1997-2009), and Nobel Peace Laureate (2005), became a leading figure in the Egyptian pro-democracy movement in 2009. He founded the National Association for Change (2010) to advocate for an amendment to the Egyptian constitution that would guarantee fair and free presidential elections. After the 25 January Revolution that led to the toppling of Hosni Mubarak (president 1981-2011), ElBaradei co-founded and headed the Constitution Party (2012) and was a founding member of the National Association for Change (2013), an opposition coalition.
ElBaradei's support of the military's plan to oust the Muslim Brother president Mohamed Morsi (2012-2013) was highly controversial, as was his role in the provisional government headed by then General Abdul Fatah el-Sisi as Vice-President (July 14 to August 14, 2013). He resigned over violent crackdowns and mass killings by state security forces on the supporters of Morsi in what came to be known as the Rabaa massacre. He abruptly left Egypt and the political scene in 2013 to the chagrin of his supporters. Despite leaving a mixed legacy, ElBaradei was undeniably a pioneering voice and unique presence in Egyptian political life during the critical period of 2009-2013. He brought certain ideas into the public domain about global security, the human family, social solidarity, rule of law, equal protections and rights for minorities, constitutional reform and youth empowerment. He will remain an important figure in understanding the history, ideas, and phenomenal event of the 2011 uprising.
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